jeudi 27 avril 2017   -   10 : 53 : 59  

Ile de Tromelin

Map of Tromelin Island

   Introduction    Tromelin Island
Background:
First explored by the French in 1776, the island came under the jurisdiction of Reunion in 1814. At present, it serves as a sea turtle sanctuary and is the site of an important meteorological station.
   Geography    Tromelin Island
Location:

Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar
Geographic coordinates:

15 52 S, 54 25 E
Map references:

Africa
Area:

total: 1 sq km
land: 1 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative:

about 1.7 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
Land boundaries:

0 km
Coastline:

3.7 km
Maritime claims:

territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Climate:

tropical
Terrain:

low, flat, and sandy; likely volcanic
Elevation extremes:

lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed location 7 m
Natural resources:

fish
Land use:

arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (grasses; scattered bushes) (2001)
Irrigated land:

0 sq km (1998 est.)
Natural hazards:

NA
Environment - current issues:

NA
Geography - note:

climatologically important location for forecasting cyclones; wildlife sanctuary (seabirds, tortoises)
   People    Tromelin Island
Population:

uninhabited, except for visits by scientists (July 2004 est.)
   Government    Tromelin Island
Country name:

conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Tromelin Island
local long form: none
local short form: Ile Tromelin
Dependency status:

possession of France; administered by a high commissioner of the Republic, resident in Reunion
Legal system:

the laws of France, where applicable, apply
Flag description:

the flag of France is used
   Economy    Tromelin Island
Economy - overview:

no economic activity
   Communications    Tromelin Island
Communications - note:

important meteorological station
   Transportation    Tromelin Island
Ports and harbors:

none; offshore anchorage only
Airports:

1 (2003 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways:

total: 1
under 914 m: 1 (2004 est.)
   Military    Tromelin Island
Military - note:

defense is the responsibility of France
   Transnational Issues    Tromelin Island
Disputes - international:

claimed by Mauritius

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Mandat de
Nicolas Sarkozy

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XIIIe législature :
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